RESEARCH GOALS
The team of experts collaborting in the Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases has developed an innovative applied research agenda that enables us to directly evaluate new strategies for vector-borne disease monitoring, prediction and control.

Many of these strategies were not possible to address before due to limited resources for applied research. Our approach will create partnerships across states and our Regional Center will provide a forum towards more uniform approaches to surveillance in the region.


Explore below to learn more about each of our 5 research clusters.
CLUSTER ONE

Evaluation of Novel Trapping Methods for Mosquito Vectors and Mosquito-Borne Viruses

This research cluster will focus on developing or significantly improving traps to target the most important disease vectors in the Northeast region. Researchers in New York and Connecticut will be evaluating trapping methodologies including CO2-baited light and gravid traps, and BG-Sentinel traps, utlizing a variety of acoustic, visual, and multiolfactory lures.

Predicting Current and Future Human Risk of Infection with Vector-Borne Pathogens in the Northeast and the US

CLUSTER TWO
Accurate information on the current and predicted spatial patterns of human risk of exposure to infected vectors is essential for the public to make personal protection decisions and for efficient allocation of public health resources. Center collaborators will harness our combined extensive surveillance datasets and newly acquired data to develop descriptive and predictive models for the presence and abundance of mosquito and tick vectors and their associated pathogens.
CLUSTER THREE

Vector-Pathogen Interactions

This research cluster will characterize the population structure and diversity of virus and vector populations with a focus on serious immediate and future risks in our region (West Nile virus, Borrelia burgdorferi, eastern equine encephalitis virus and Powassan virus, chikungunya virus, dengue virus, and Zika virus) by testing vector competence of Northeast arthropod strains.
CLUSTER FOUR

Basic Field Biology, Behavior, and Overwintering Survival ofAe. albopictus, I. scapularis, andA. americanum in the Northeast

Arthropod disease vectors and the microbes they harbor are particularly sensitive to temperature fluctuations, as the physiology of these organisms is temperature-dependent. This research cluster will focus on identifying biological and ecological aspects of vector life history in the Northeast, as well as investigate environmental cues triggering diapause, temperature thresholds for overwintering survival and larval development for targeted tick and mosquito species.
CLUSTER FIVE

Chemical Control, Resistance Monitoring, and Management of Vectors: Testing New and Integrative Control Strategies

Effective vector control depends on careful assessment of existing/available control methods and resistance detection/management. This cluster will investigate vector control approaches, mapping insecticide resistance and evaluating innovative approaches for tick and pathogen management.